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A. J. P. (Alan John Percivale) Taylor:

An Inventory of His Papers at the Harry Ransom Center

Creator: Taylor, A. J. P. (Alan John Percivale), 1906-1990
Title: A. J. P. Taylor Papers
Dates: 1921-1978 (bulk 1958-1978)
Extent: 5 document boxes (2.10 linear feet)
Abstract: The A. J. P. Taylor Papers, 1921-1978 (bulk 1958-1978), consist of correspondence, typescripts, proofs, clippings, printed material, photographs, passports, and reading diaries documenting the life and works of the British historian. The materials shed light on Taylor's research and writing process, his interactions with colleagues and the public, and his administrative activities.
Call Number: Manuscript Collection MS-4162
Language: English
Access:

Open for research. Part or all of this collection is housed off-site and may require up to three business days notice for access in the Ransom Center's Reading and Viewing Room. Please contact the Center before requesting this material: reference@hrc.utexas.edu




Acquisition:

Purchase, 1978 (R8234), 1978

Processed by:

Amanda Graham and Adam Knowles, 2006; Jennifer Hecker, 2009; updated by Kelsey Handler, 2012

Repository:

The University of Texas at Austin, Harry Ransom Center


A. J. P. Taylor, one of the most influential twentieth-century British historians, was also among the best-known public intellectuals of his day. Because of his appearances on BBC Radio and on television, he became known in newspaper headlines as the "TV Don." Taylor was also a prolific reviewer and columnist, with hundreds of pieces appearing in periodicals and newspapers including the Manchester Guardian, the New Statesman, the Observer, and the Sunday Express .

Alan John Percivale Taylor was born in Southport, Birkdale, Lancashire, England on March 25, 1906, and he cultivated the image of an outsider from the industrial north of England throughout his career. Taylor's grandfather and father were successful cotton manufacturers, and Alan enjoyed a comfortable upbringing. Taylor's father Percy, his mother Constance, and his uncle Harry Thompson were pacifists during World War I and remained active in the Liberal Party and leftist organizations long after. The young Taylor adopted his elders' left-wing views. Though he left the Communist Party after the failure of the General Strike of 1926 and became harshly critical of communism, especially in the Soviet Union, Taylor remained a leftist—albeit an idiosyncratic and independent one—all of his life. In the 1950s he was a leading figure in the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND), and he spoke vehemently against British military action during the Suez Crisis of 1956. Later he called for British withdrawal from Northern Ireland.

Taylor received his B.A. from Oxford University in 1927 and an M.A., also from Oxford, in 1932. He was a lecturer in history at Manchester University from 1930-1938, and a fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford from 1938 until 1976. Despite his many achievements—including election as a Fellow of the British Academy—Taylor was denied the prestigious Regius Professorship in Modern History at Oxford in 1957; many observers felt that Tory Prime Minister Harold Macmillan awarded the position to Taylor's rival Hugh Trevor-Roper on political grounds, while others felt that Taylor was denied the Regius Chair due to his efforts to "popularize" history, his "demeaning" journalistic pursuits, and his general contrariness. Though he never became a full professor, Taylor was a highly gifted and extremely popular lecturer who spoke almost entirely without notes.

Taylor's primary area of expertise as a historian was European diplomatic history in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, especially as it relates to the origins and outcomes of the two World Wars. His highly regarded The Struggle for Mastery in Europe, 1848-1918 appeared in 1954. English History, 1914-1945, the final volume of the Oxford History of England and Taylor's only effort in social and cultural history, was published in 1965 and is perhaps his most popular work. In the 1977 article "Accident Prone, Or What Happened Next" Taylor describes his development as a historian. His sometimes cantankerous autobiography A Personal History appeared in 1983. The most controversial of Taylor's works was The Origins of the Second World War, published in 1961, in which he suggested that Hitler was not entirely responsible for the outbreak of World War II and that much of history is determined by accidents and mistakes. During the controversy surrounding the book, Taylor was dubbed a revisionist, a description he eschewed.

Many of Taylor's contemporaries thought it odd that, as an avowed socialist, he would befriend and accept the patronage of the Conservative press baron and ardent imperialist Lord Beaverbrook (the Canadian William "Max"well Max Aitken). Taylor praised Beaverbrook as a historical writer and became the Honorary Director of the Beaverbrook Library after Beaverbrook's death in 1964. Taylor published his affectionate biography Beaverbrook in 1972.

Taylor married Margaret Adams in 1931; they divorced in 1951. Eve Crosland became Taylor's second wife in 1951; she and Taylor divorced in 1974. Taylor married his third wife, the Hungarian historian Eva Haraszti, in 1976. Taylor had six children: Giles, Sebastian, Amelia, Sophia, Crispin, and Daniel. Taylor died September 7, 1990.


"(A)lan (J)ohn (P)ercivale Taylor."   Contemporary Authors Online, http://galenet.galegroup.com (accessed 28 November 2006).

Sisman, Adam. A. J. P. Taylor: A Biography. London: Sinclair-Stevenson, 1994.

Taylor, A. J. P. A Personal History. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1983.


The A. J. P. Taylor Papers, 1921-1978 (bulk 1958-1978), consist of correspondence, typescripts, proofs, clippings, printed material, photographs, passports, and reading diaries documenting the life and works of the British historian. The materials shed light on Taylor's research and writing process, his interactions with colleagues and the public, and his administrative activities. The largest body of papers consists of typescripts of Taylor's published works. These typescripts are accompanied by correspondence relating to the content, publication, and reception of those works. Also documented through typescripts and correspondence are Taylor's lectures and discussions, both at Oxford University and in television and radio broadcasts. Additional correspondence details Taylor's other professional activities, including his teaching at Oxford. Material illuminating Taylor's personal life is quite sparse, though what is present covers a longer period of Taylor's life (1921-1978) than do the other papers. The papers are arranged in three series: I. Works and Related Correspondence (3 boxes, 1928, 1935-1978, undated); II. Other Correspondence (5 folders, 1965-1978, undated); and III. Personal Papers (7 folders, 1921-1978).

The bulk of the Taylor papers consist of correspondence (656 letters), the majority of which (401 letters) documents Taylor's communication with publishers and colleagues as he researched, wrote and corrected his historical works. A significant amount of correspondence (255 letters) records the historian's intellectual and personal exchanges with fellow historians and notable figures. This body of correspondence also illuminates Taylor's relations with readers of his works and viewers of his television appearances. Notable correspondents include Mark Amory, John Betjeman, Alan Bullock, David Cargill, Len Deighton, Tom Driberg, Michael Foot, Murray Fox, Malcolm Fraser, John Kenneth Galbraith, Arthur Harris, Malcolm Muggeridge, Maurice Oldfield, William Rodgers, Hugh Trevor-Roper, and Evelyn Waugh.

Of special note are materials that document Lord Beaverbrook's life and his relationship to Taylor, though there are no letters to or from Beaverbrook. The bulk of this material consists of the typescript of Taylor's biography of Beaverbrook and related correspondence. Also well documented are Taylor's duties as head of the Beaverbrook Library.

Taylor routinely destroyed letters he received and did not keep copies of letters he sent. He is known to have destroyed diaries and typescripts. In 1978, Della Hilton, Taylor's secretary at the Beaverbrook Library, gathered and organized Taylor's available material, most of which documents Taylor's professional activities during the previous decade. These papers were acquired by the Ransom Center from Bertram Rota Ltd. in 1978 at the request of University of Texas Professor of History William Roger Louis, a student of Taylor's at Oxford. A year prior to this purchase, the Ransom Center acquired over two dozen volumes of Taylor's publications from the same dealer. These books include first editions of some of Taylor's most prominent works.


The following collections at the Ransom Center contain additional Taylor-related material: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records; David Higham Records; C. P. Snow Papers; Derek Parker Papers; Tom Stoppard Papers; and the Constantine FitzGibbon Papers. All of these are described in archival inventories in the Ransom Center reading room or online at http://www.hrc.utexas.edu/research/fa/, with the exception of FitzGibbon, a description of which can be found in the Ransom Center card catalog. Also, one folder of Taylor material is located in the vertical file.

Substantial groups of Taylor's letters are held in the Manchester Guardian collection at the University of Manchester, the Malcolm Muggeridge Papers at Wheaton College in Wheaton, Illinois, and the BBC Written Archives Centre. Many of Taylor's letters to Beaverbrook and the letters he wrote as Honorary Director of the Beaverbrook Library are housed in the House of Lords Record Office. Other letters are available in the John Betjeman archive at the University of Victoria, British Columbia, the papers of New Statesman editor Kingsley Martin at the University of Sussex, the Liddell Hart Centre at King's College, London, and the Sir George Clark Papers at the Bodleian Library. Correspondence also exists in the archives of Taylor's publishers Macmillan, Hamish Hamilton and the Oxford University Press. Taylor's letters to his third wife, Eva Haraszti, are published in Letters to Eva (1991).