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Peter Buckley:

An Inventory of His Papers and Photography Collection at the Harry Ransom Center

Creator: Buckley, Peter, 1925-1997
Title: Peter Buckley Papers and Photography Collection
Dates: 1943-2007, undated (bulk 1950s-1970s)
Extent: 32 document boxes, 10 oversize boxes (14.8 linear feet); 1 flat file drawer
Abstract: The collection consists of photographic prints (approximately 1,100), contact sheets (approximately 1,900), negatives (approximately 2,500), slides (approximately 1,700), scrapbooks, correspondence, clippings, annotated books, handwritten and typed manuscripts, and book dummies, all documenting the life and career of American photographer Peter Buckley.
Call Number: Photography Collection PH-2470
Language: English, French, Italian, and Spanish
Access: Open for research. Please note: Transparencies may be accessed but require 24 hours advance notice. Negatives cannot be accessed without curatorial approval. Two albums have been restricted due to their fragile condition, but digital copies of these albums are available in the Ransom Center Reading and Viewing Room for patron access. To make an appointment or to reserve photography materials, please contact the Center's staff at photography@hrc.utexas.edu.



Acquisition: Gift, 2011, 2015 (11-06-013-G)
Processed by: Daniela Lozano, 2013 and Anne Kofmehl, 2015
Repository:

The University of Texas at Austin, Harry Ransom Center


Peter Hays Buckley was born September 13, 1925, in New York City. His father, David Augustine Buckley, and his mother, Elinor Hays Buckley, separated when he was just six months old. Buckley spent his childhood years living abroad with his mother and going to school in several European cities including Paris, London, Rome, Geneva, and Vienna. In 1938, they returned to New York City where Buckley attended Riverdale Country Day School from which he graduated in 1943.
Buckley attended Princeton University during the summer before he turned eighteen and was drafted into the U.S. Army. From November 1943 to July 1946, he served as part of the Counter Intelligence Forces stationed in Europe during World War II. After being honorably discharged, Buckley returned to Princeton. He graduated magna cum laude in 1949 with a major in French and Spanish literature. He then went on to the University of Paris to pursue doctoral work in philosophy and psychology but abandoned that program in 1951.
Following his departure from the University of Paris, Buckley went to Spain and became interested in making movies about bullfights. He befriended many of the matadors and also reconnected and became close with Ernest Hemingway, who was also active in the bullfight scene. Buckley’s mother had met Hemingway and his first wife, Hadley, during their time in Paris in the 1920s, and their son, Jack, was a childhood friend of Buckley’s.
In addition to his interest in bullfights, Buckley aspired to work on projects that would bring people from different countries together in the hope of preventing another war like the one he had just lived through. He made a short silent movie, Under One Sun, which focused on two children living in different areas of Italy, but he was unsuccessful with its distribution. Encouraged by a friend in the book business, Buckley then envisioned a series of photographically illustrated children’s books that would tell the stories of children and their families from different parts of the world, for which he abandoned his movie camera and took up still photography. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, Buckley traveled extensively throughout Italy, Spain, Switzerland, Holland, Greece, Nigeria, and Puerto Rico, all the while shooting photographs for these books. What began as the Around the World book series at Franklin Watts continued on with other publishers.
The transition from movies to still photographs also carried over into his bullfight projects. He spent several bullfight seasons in the late 1950s traveling from city to city with the matadors and shooting photographs during the matches and behind the scenes. In 1958, he wrote and published what became his most successful book, Bullfight, illustrated with photographs taken during this period.
By the 1960s, Buckley had established himself as a master photographer of children with his Around the World series. He was hired by the publisher Holt, Rinehart and Winston, the largest publisher of K-12 foreign language materials at the time, to shoot photographs for their French and Spanish textbook and filmstrip series. Buckley traveled to Spain, France, Mexico, and Central and South America shooting photographs for these books. From 1965 to 1968, he wrote about and photographed families for the Holt Urban Social Studies series, a series of books and filmstrips that focused on children living and going to school in New York City. It was intended to create a more fully integrated textbook series for children, a concept considered quite radical at that time.
Buckley’s next major project was Ernest (1978), a photo biography of his friend Ernest Hemingway. He was given unprecedented access to family photographs by Hemingway’s widow, Mary, which he combined with his own photographs and text. Ernest turned out to be Buckley’s last book. Several planned projects, such as additional Around the World books from Romania and Morocco, a book of color photographs of fall leaves, and a book of photographs of bald eagles shot in British Columbia in the late 1980s, were never completed.
Buckley was married to Conrad Little from 1959 to 1970, and they had three children: David, Annabel, and Michael. In 1973, he married Susan Grace Washburn whom he met at Holt, Rinehart and Winston where she worked as an editor. Buckley died in New York City on January 8, 1997.

Information in the biographical sketch is derived from materials in the Peter Buckley Papers and Photography Collection and from correspondence in 2013 with Buckley's widow, Susan.

Scope and Contents

Photographic prints, negatives, transparencies, scrapbooks, correspondence, clippings, annotated books, manuscripts, and book dummies document the life and career of Peter Buckley. The collection is organized into the following two series: I. Projects, 1943-1998, undated; and II. Career-Related and Personal, 1945-2007, undated.
Series I. Projects, comprises the bulk of the collection. It consists of photographic material for Buckley’s book projects, and includes negatives, contact sheets, prints, slides, and a small amount of transparencies, as well as correspondence, clippings, annotated books, manuscripts, and book dummies. Copies of his books Bullfight (1958) and Ernest (1978) are also included. Oversize mounted and matted prints from Peru, Greece, Holland, Switzerland, France, and Guatemala are present as well as oversize mounted prints of eagles and one inscribed print of a bullfighter. Smaller prints from other projects are also present.
Series II. Career-Related and Personal, contains scrapbooks, photographic prints, negatives, and contact sheets, clippings and tear sheets, gifts, and posters. Buckley’s plan for a photography exhibition from the 1990s and a detailed resume he put together in the 1970s also form part of this series.

Series Outline

  • Series I. Projects, 1943-1998, undated

  • Subseries A. Countries, 1952-1987, undated

  • Subseries B. Ernest Hemingway, 1943-1998

  • Subseries C. Holt Urban Social Studies Series, 1965-1968

  • Subseries D. Subjects, 1950s-1988, undated

  • Series II. Career-Related and Personal, 1945-2007, undated

Arrangement by Format

  • Contact sheets, prints, and manuscript materials, Boxes 1-23

  • Oversize Materials, Boxes 24-32, 44 and Flat File (FF) 33.15

  • Negatives (restricted), Transparencies, and Slides, Boxes 33-43

  • Copper printing plates, Box 44


The following items were transferred to the appropriate units within the Ransom Center:
Transferred to the Film Collection were two 16mm films, Ernest (silent print) and Ernest (negative print) and six VHS tapes: Under One Sun, Peter Buckley, Original Version, Spectrum Light Productions; Bullfighting, Spectrum Light Productions; “Monumentos;” “Novillado of Francisco Rivera Ordoñez August ’92;” “60 Minutes;” and ‘A-1 to 12 Two 1941-1950’ which contains footage from Buckley’s travels.
The following books were transferred to the Ransom Center’s Library:
  • Balish, Jacquelyn, ed. Leica World. New York: American Photographic Book Publishing Co., Inc., 1957.

  • Buckley, Peter. Bullfight. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1958. (2 copies)

  • ------. Cesare of Italy. New York: Franklin Watts, Inc., 1954.

  • ------. Dimitrios, Boy of Greece. London: Methuen & Co., 1962.

  • ------. Ernest. New York: The Dial Press, 1978.

  • ------. Greek Island Boy. New York: Viking Press, 1965.

  • ------. I Am from Puerto Rico. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1971.

  • ------. Jan of Holland. New York: Franklin Watts, Inc., 1956.

  • ------. Luis of Spain. New York: Franklin Watts, Inc., 1955.

  • ------. Luis of Spain. London: Chatto & Windus, 1957.

  • ------. Michel of Switzerland. New York: Franklin Watts, Inc., 1955.

  • ------. Michel of Switzerland. London: Chatto & Windus, 1960.

  • ------. Okolo of Nigeria. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1962.

  • ------. The Spanish Plateau: The Challenge of a Dry Land. New York: Coward-McCann, 1959.

  • Buckley, Peter, and Hortense Jones. Five Friends at School. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., 1966.

  • ------. Living as Neighbors. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., 1966.

  • ------. Our Growing City. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., 1968.

  • ------. William, Andy and Ramón. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., 1966.

  • Castillo-Puche, J. L. Hemingway, Entre la Vida y la Muerte. Barcelona: Ediciones Destino, 1968. (inscribed copy)

  • Castillo-Puche, José Luis. Hemingway in Spain: A Personal Reminiscence of Hemingway’s Years in Spain by His Friend. Translated from the Spanish by Helen R. Lane. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1974.

  • Conrad, Jack Randolph. The Horn and the Sword: The History of the Bull as Symbol of Power and Fertility. New York: EP Dutton and Company, 1957.

  • De Cossío, José María. Los Toros: Tratado Técnico e Histórico, Tomo I. Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 1951.

  • ------. Los Toros: Tratado Técnico e Histórico, Tomo II. Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 1953.

  • ------. Los Toros: Tratado Técnico e Histórico, Tomo III. Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 1952.

  • ------. Los Toros: Tratado Técnico e Histórico, Tomo IV. Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 1961.

  • Domecq y Díez, Álvaro. El Toro Bravo: Teoría y Práctica de la Bravura. Colección La Tauromaquia 2. Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 1987.

  • Dubout, Albert. Corridas. [Paris]: Trinckvel, [1967].

  • Frances, Jacques "Santiaguito. " La Corrida du Cid a Paco Ojeda. Album Toros Numéro 7. Nîmes, France: Barnier[?], 1987.

  • Griffin, Peter. Along with Youth: Hemingway, the Early Years. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.

  • Gyenes, Juan, and Enrique Llovet. Tauromachie: Biographie d’une Course. Paris: Art et Industrie, 1957.

  • Hemingway, Ernest. For Whom the Bell Tolls. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1940. (Buckley’s signature inside front cover.)

  • ------. The Garden of Eden. Korean translation. Korea: Trans-Lit Agency, 1986.

  • ------. Les Aventures de Nick Adams. Traduit de l’Anglais par Céline Zins pour les inédits et par Marcel Duhamel, Victor Llona, Henri Robillot et Ott de Weymer. French translation of The Nick Adams Stories. Paris: Gallimard, 1977.

  • ------. A Moveable Feast. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1964. (inscribed by Mary Hemingway)

  • ------. The Old Man and the Sea. Chinese translation. [China], 1957. (inscribed copy)

  • Hemingway, Mary Welsh. How It Was. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1976. (inscribed copy)

  • Hemingway, Valerie. Running with the Bulls: My Years with the Hemingways. New York: Ballantine Books, 2004. (inscribed to Susan Buckley)

  • Howell, John M. Hemingway’s African Stories: The Stories, Their Sources, Their Critics. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1969.

  • Iribarren, José María. Hemingway y Los Sanfermines. Pamplona, Spain: Editorial Gomez, 1970.

  • Ivancich, Gianfranco. Come Non Paura La Speranza. Venice: La Città di Aldus, 1975. (inscribed copy)

  • Lafront, Auguste. Toreros d’aujorudi’hui. Paris: Art Et Industrie, 1959.

  • LaGrone, Gregory G., Andrea Sendón McHenry and Patricia O’Connor. Español: Hablar y Leer. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1962.

  • Langellier, Alice, Sylvia Narins Levy and Patricia O’Connor. Le Français: Parler et Lire. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1963.

  • Luján, Néstor. Historia del Toreo. Barcelona: Ediciones Destino, S. L., 1954.

  • Macnab, Angus. The Bulls of Iberia: An Account of the Bullfight. London: Heinemann, 1957.

  • Oag, Shay. In the Presence of Death: Antonio Ordoñez. New York: Coward-McCann, Inc., 1969.

  • Phillips, Larry W., ed. Ernest Hemingway on Writing. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1984.

  • Popovitch, Serge. La Course Camarguaise. France: Editions Camariguo, 1986.

  • Reynolds, Michael. Hemingway: The Final Years. New York: W. W. Norton, 1999.

  • Ruiz, Ignacio. Mano a Mano: las figuras más polémicas del toreo actual. [Barcelona]: Interviú: Zeta, DL, 1996.

  • Szarkowski, John. The Photographer’s Eye. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 2007.

  • Tynan, Kenneth. Bull Fever. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1955. (inscribed copy)

  • Vavra, Robert. A Tent with a View: An Intimate African Experience. New York: William Morrow & Company Inc., 1991.

  • Unidentified (red book with ties, letter P on cover and spine). Contains text from works by Ernest Hemingway in English and Japanese.

The following film and sound recordings were transferred to the Ransom Center’s Library:
  • Buckley, Peter. The Hispanic World. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., 1963.

  • ---. The Hispanic World. Volumes 1 and 2. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., 1963.

  • ---. A Year in France. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., 1964.

  • ---. A Year in France. Volumes 2 and 3. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., 1965.


Subjects

Bullfights.
Children's books.
Eagles.
Hemingway, Ernest, 1899-1961.
Morris, Anita, 1943-1994.

Places

France.
Greece.
Holland (Netherlands : Province).
Italy.
Nigeria.
Puerto Rico.
Spain.
Switzerland.

Document Types

Black-and-white negatives.
Clippings.
Color transparencies.
Contact sheets.
Correspondence.
Gelatin silver prints.
Scrapbooks.