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The Kraus Map Collection


Kraus 20, Polesine Region (Circa 1600)

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Title   Polesine Region
Cartographer   Unknown
Subject   Venice Region--Maps
Publisher   Unpublished
Repository   Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Place of publication
     or creation
Italy (Venice?)
Date(s)   Circa 1600
Format   Manuscript map
Kraus catalog no.   20
Dimensions in mm.   534 x 1520 mm.
Rights   No known U.S. copyright restrictions. Please cite the Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas at Austin, as the image source.


Ink and water color in green, blue and red on heavy parchment (some insignificant marginal tears). On the verso the map is titled "No. 15. Polesine". Oblong folio.

A very interesting manuscript map of Polesine with its complicated watercourses, canals, etc. This is the territory southwest of Venice and north of Ferrara, comprising the rivers Adige ("Adeso"), Adigette ("Adiseto"), and Po ("Pado"), with various canals connecting them. In the center is the town of Rovigo, with Lendenara and La Badia to the west and Borsea, Cavarzere and Adria to the east; many more sites, valleys, castles, etc. are named. The map is designed in a reverse orientation, with the Po (south) at the top and the Adige (north) at the bottom.

This region was often depicted during the 16th and 17th century, Gastaldi and Sabbadino worked together on mapping it, Giovanni Antonio Magini and other cartographers made separate plans of it. The present map, which is not signed, dates from the late sixteenth century, when a canal was under con¬struction which became known as the "Taglio di Porto Viro", connecting the Po with the Canal Bianco at Adria. This canal, built between 1598 and 1604, is here indicated, but it is somewhat vague in its ending in the Po and it is not named, facts which suggest that it was not yet finished when this map was drawn.

See Piva, Edoardo, "Saggio di cartografia polesana", in: Atto del VI Congresso Geog. Italiano (1908), vol. II, pp. 409-423. Almagia, L'ltalia di Giovanni Antonio Magini, pp. 44-46. Marinelli (ed.), Saggio di Cartografia delle Regione Veneta.