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Kraus 21, Carta geo-hidro-topographica. Missionum Provinciae Peruanae Societatis Jesu. Magnam Regni Peruani partem ab Ocasum ad Ortum Regiones ad Brasilos ... complexa. (1761)



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Title   Carta geo-hidro-topographica. Missionum Provinciae Peruanae Societatis Jesu. Magnam Regni Peruani partem ab Ocasum ad Ortum Regiones ad Brasilos ... complexa.
Cartographer   Ponce, Pascal, S. J.
Subject   South America--Maps
Publisher   Not identified
Repository   Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Place of publication
     or creation
  
Lima?
Date(s)   1761
Format   Printed map
Kraus catalog no.   21
Dimensions in mm.   843 x 1060 mm.
Rights   No known U.S. copyright restrictions. Please cite the Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas at Austin, as the image source.


Notes

Manuscript wall map in ink, outlines in color, with rivers, mountains and animals accented in water colors. On four sheets of paper joined together (small tear repaired in center fold). From the Hauslab-Liechtenstein Collection.

A very handsome manuscript map of parts of Peru and Brazil, prepared by order of the Jesuit Pascal Ponce who was born in Lima 1707 and was still living in 1762. In 1754 he was superior of missions of the Moxos tribe.

The map encompasses South America from 20° south to the Equator and between 329 and 306 degrees of longitudes. It not only gives the geo-hydro- and topographical features of these regions but also indicates the spheres of influence of the Spanish and the Portuguese missions and the location of the various Indian tribes ("Naciones Barbares"). The map is charmingly adorned with a windrose and with pictures of regional animals: an awesome spider ("Arana mayor o Apazanca"), a jaguar, an armadillo and a large bird ("Pajara Honore"). The watermark of the paper, a large fleur-de-lys within coat of arms and the letters VDL, occurs also in a Spanish manuscript chart of 1759 (Heawood 1833).
Apparently this map was never published.

References:
Cf. Backer-Sommervogel, VI, 991.