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The Kraus Map Collection


Kraus 12.4, Europa. (Between 1580 and 1600)

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Title   Europa.
Alternate Title   Europe.
Cartographer   Scolari, Stefano, fl. 1598-1650
Subject   Europe--Maps
Publisher   Bertelli, Donato, fl. 1558-1584
Repository   Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Place of publication
     or creation
Date(s)   Between 1580 and 1600
Format   Printed map
Kraus catalog no.   12.4
Dimensions in mm.   1290 x 1422 mm.
Rights   No known U.S. copyright restrictions. Please cite the Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas at Austin, as the image source.


A LARGE WALL MAP OF EUROPE, engraved by Stefano Scolari, who lived in the Street San Zulian in Venice at the end of the 16th century. From other maps he is known to have worked for Donato Bertelli, but was apparently also a cartographical publisher for his own account. Maps bearing his name are mentioned by W. Ruge, op. cit. p. 84, no. 81: a map of Lombardy by Gastaldi, and in Saggio di Cartog. Veneta, Mon. stor. R. dep. ven. ser. IV, Misc. I, nos. 644, 637-41, 645-646. The only other large 16th century map of Europe mentioned as forming part of the set of the four continents in the Museo Correr in Venice is defective and does obviously not comprise the sheet where Scolari's signature appears on the present map. It may even be a variant edition, since Caraci speaks of a dedication which is not found here.

Europe is presented in Mercator's projection, but gives a fairly good idea of the form of the continent and is crowded with place names. Besides a great quantity of ships pictured on the surrounding seas, Scolari has embellished the space of the Atlantic with a beautiful representation of Philip II of Spain as ruler of the waves, driving in a chariot-like boat which is drawn by two horses.

Though the name of Gastaldi does not appear on this map, it seems to be based on Gastaldi's cartographical work. Caraci, Tab. Geog. Vet., II, pp. 37-38.