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Kraus 36, Manuscript plans of Dutch towns, depicting fortifications erected by Governor Robles in Friesland (Holland), and military actions between his troops and those of the rebellious Netherlanders. (1572)

 


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LIEVARDIAE (LEEUWARDEN). 478x712 mm. One of the chief towns of Friesland and capital of the modern Dutch province of that name. A large and detailed view-plan; displaying even the individual houses, with a numerical key, 1-16, and various scales.

DELFSIL (DELFZIJL). 472x375 mm. One of the towns fortified by Robles. It was at that time little more than a village, situated on the Ems River; it is shown with surrounding dikes, country estates, and villages.

STAVERA (STAVOREN). 472x375 mm. One of two depictions of Stavoren in this series, that other being an action picture (no. 16). A town on the former Zuyder Zee, at the farthest west promontory of Friesland. Depicts a moat-surrounded citadel and rows of houses along a central canal.

SLUOTEN (SLOTEN). 225x375 mm, on verso of (3). One of the towns known to have been fortified by Robles. It is inland from Stavoren and directly south of Sneek. Shown with a citadel and houses bordering a canal.

HENDELOPE (HINDELOOPEN). 215x160 mm, on verso of (3). A promontory just north of Stavoren, here shown as a fortified village, with a ruined manor house within the lines.

MACHON (MAKKUM). 215x210 mm, on verso of (3). One of the fortifications recorded as built by Robles. A small fort on the Zuyder Zee dike, north of Hindeloopen.

BOLSVARDT (BOLSWARD). 475x375 mm. A fortified town, inland directly east of Makkum, protected by a moat, drawbridges, etc. Six churches are shown in some detail.

SENECH (SNEEK). 475x375 mm; on the verso of (7). A fortified town, inland SW from Bolsward. Tie large St. Martin's church and others are shown.

ARLINGEN (HARLINGEN). 475x375 mm. On the NW coast of Friesland; a fortified town with a well protected citadel; part of the town is outside of the fortifications.

GRUNINGEM (GRONINGEN). 475x698 mm. One of the diicf cities of the province of Friesland as it then existed. This town was the head-quarters of Robles during his tenure of the Vice-Governorship and Governorship of Friesland. A fine detailed view, with numerical key 1-18.

RIPE (DRONRIJP). 310x435 mm. Two companies of the Robles regiment attack the enemy and drive them from the village (between Franeker and Leeuwarden); the only fortifications seem to be field earthworks thrown up by the Dutch.

BELECHOM (BERLIKUM). 310x460 mm. A small fortress near this village is defended by 500 Walloon troops. 2000 rebels attack; they are repelled with losses. The village is NW of Leeuwarden.
Title   Manuscript plans of Dutch towns, depicting fortifications erected by Governor Robles in Friesland (Holland), and military actions between his troops and those of the rebellious Netherlanders.
Cartographer   Robles, Caspar de (1527 - 1582)
Subject  
Publisher   Unpublished
Repository   Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Place of publication
     or creation
  
Friesland
Date(s)   1572
Format   Manuscript map
Kraus catalog no.   36
Dimensions in mm.  
Rights   No known U.S. copyright restrictions. Please cite the Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas at Austin, as the image source.


Notes

Reference: De Robles atlassen : vestingbouwkundige plattegronden uit de Nederlanden en een verslag van een veldtocht in Friesland in 1572. Leeuwarden : Rijksarchief in Friesland, 1998.