||The Carlton Lake Collection contains approximately 350,000 items relating to French
literature, and music, spanning 1377-2000 (bulk 1895-1940). The majority of the collection
consists of papers of numerous French writers, musicians, and artists of the late
early 20th centuries, and includes manuscripts, correspondence, photographs, artwork,
scores, and other materials. The collection is strongest for the period known as the
Belle Époque, (roughly 1895-1914) and for the years during and
after World War I (especially the 1920s and 1930s). Among the earlier materials are
Napoleonic-era letters. While the majority of the materials were written in the French
language, English, German, Russian, and Spanish language materials are also present.
||The Lake Collection is arranged in a single alphabetical sequence by creator name;
creator, materials are subdivided into manuscript works, outgoing and incoming letters,
other materials. The materials present in the other category include a wide variety
items, such address books, announcements, broadsides, calendars, catalogs, certificates,
clippings, contracts, collages, diaries, dossiers, drawings, ephemera, financial records,
funeral notices, insurance policies, invitations, journals, legal papers, lists, menus,
order forms, passports, photographs, postcards, posters, production files, programs,
quotations, receipts, record books, research notes, scrapbooks, signs, telegrams,
and visiting cards.
||A large portion of this collection was previously accessible only through a card catalog,
but has now been re-cataloged as part of a retrospective conversion project. At the
time, a number of uncataloged accessions were also cataloged and integrated into the
existing collection. Two groups of previously restricted papers concerning Pablo Picasso
Paul Valéry are now open and available.
||Among the numerous important literary and cultural figures and organizations represented
the collection are Pierre Albert-Birot, Guillaume Apollinaire, Louis Aragon, Antonin
Georges Bataille, Charles Baudelaire, Samuel Beckett, André Breton, Albert Camus,
Louis-Ferdinand Céline, René Char, Paul Claudel, Jean Cocteau, Colette,
Maurice Darantière, Marcel Duchamp, Editions J.O. Fourcade, Paul Eluard, Léon-Paul
Fargue, Paul Fort, Jean Genet, André Gide, Georges Hugnet, Valentine Hugo, Alfred
Jarry, Georges Jean-Aubry, James Joyce, Librairie Dorbon-aîné, Pierre
Louÿs, Stéphane Mallarmé, André Malraux, Henry Miller, Pablo
Picasso, Marcel Proust, Maurice Raynal, Arthur Rimbaud, Henri-Pierre Roché, Maurice
Saillet, Saint-John Perse, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Jean-Paul Sartre, Gertrude
Stein, Alice B. Toklas, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Paul Valéry, Paul Verlaine, Emile
Vuillermoz, and Emile Zola.
||A number of significant musical scores, letters, conductor's notes, and other manuscripts
created by approximately one hundred composers are also found in the Lake Collection.
these composers are Georges Auric, Hector Berlioz, Ernest Chasson, Claude Debussy,
Dukas, Gabriel Fauré, Franz Liszt, Maurice Ravel, Albert Roussel, Camille
Saint-Saëns, Erik Satie, Igor Stravinsky, and Giuseppe Verdi.
||Some of the highlights of the Lake Collection include:
||Pierre Albert-Birot (1876-1967): the complete archive for the avant-garde review SIC
(1916-1919); contains maquettes, page proofs, tear sheets, manuscripts, correspondence,
other original materials relating to Albert-Birot's founding and editorship of the
||Guillaume Apollinaire (1880-1918): manuscript of the prologue of Les
Mamelles de Tirésias; letters, handwritten notes, and other documents
relating to the play and its production; manuscripts of works written for his column
"La Vie anecdotique."
||Louis Aragon (1897-1982): letters, manuscripts of poems and prose pieces, including
typescript of Le Cahier noir, a long and searching "reflection
on love" related to his novel, La Défense de
||Antonin Artaud (1895-1948): significant correspondences with his publisher and other
friends reflecting his disintegration into mental illness.
||Georges Bataille (1897-1962): manuscripts of two of his major works, L'Orestie and Dianus [Histoire de rats. (Journal de
||Baudelaire, Charles (1821-1867): the proof sheet of "Les Litanies
de Satan" from Les Fleurs du mal (1857), with extensive
corrections in Baudelaire's hand; handwritten manuscript of "La
||Samuel Beckett (1906-1989): multiple drafts of "Ceiling"
and "The Way" ("8") as well
as manuscripts of some of Beckett's other later works; letters to Georges Belmont
Cluchey, and information on the 1992 and 1993 publications of his Dream of Fair to Middling Women.
||André Breton (1896-1966): manuscripts relating to the Surrealist movement, including
"La Béauté sera convulsive ou ne sera pas,"
"Automatisme de la variante," and "Lumière Noire."
||Albert Camus (1913-1960): manuscripts and letters, including manuscript of Le Malentendu and corrected page proofs of Les Justes; and manuscript of Discours de Suède,
Camus's acceptance speech of the Nobel Prize.
||Louis-Ferdinand Céline (1894-1961): the complete manuscript of Guignol's Band and its sequel, Le Pont de Londres, in
combinations of handwritten manuscript, typescript, and corrected typescript with
handwritten additions, totaling 4,022 pages; handwritten manuscript of Scandale aux abysses; also a moving correspondence with his friend Mourlet
covering the war years and Céline’s exile in Denmark.
||René Char (1907-1988): letters, including a large correspondence with Valentine
Hugo, intimate friend of most of the surrealists; manuscripts of many of his major
including "Crésus" and "La
||Paul Claudel (1868-1955): manuscript of one of Claudel's essential works, Cinq grandes odes, which is eighty-eight pages. (Except for the
first ode, the original manuscript of which has never been found, this manuscript
||Jean Cocteau (1889-1963): Cocteau's own archive covering approximately the period
early 1900s to the mid 1930s and containing multiple drafts and publishing states
of many of
his major works (Vocabulaire, Le Coq et l'arlequin, Le Potomak, Le Cap
de Bonne-Espérance, La Noce massacrée, Les Enfants terribles),
notebooks with poems and plans for future works, and numerous correspondences with
leading figures of the era, including a large and witty exchange with Max Jacob.
||Colette (1873-1954): manuscripts and letters of Sidonie Gabrielle Colette and her
Willy (Henri Gauthier-Villars) include the manuscript of her novel Chéri, as well as other manuscripts and correspondence.
||Paul Eluard (1895-1952): manuscripts of numerous poems; a handwritten manuscript of
definitions prepared by Eluard and Breton for the Dictionnaire
abrégé du surréalisme; letters, including a large, important
correspondence with his lifelong friend from childhood, the binder A. J. Gonon.
||Jean Genet (1910-1986): four heavily corrected draft versions of the play Haute Surveillance; complete manuscript of Genet's masterpiece,
||André Gide (1869-1951): manuscript and corrected typescript of Isabelle; handwritten manuscript in two notebooks of Le
Journal des Faux-monnayeurs; manuscript of L'École des
femmes; an important correspondence with Eugène Rouart of over 300 letters and
||Georges Hugnet (1906-1974): handwritten and typed manuscripts, correspondence, printed
material, photographs, collages, and artwork document the surrealist artist and poet
Hugnet's life and work. Included is a handwritten manuscript for Non
vouloir (1940), one of the earliest French Resistance publications, as well as
handwritten manuscripts, page proofs, and a published copy of Tout
beau mon coeur that together illustrate the process of book production in the
||Valentine Hugo (1887-1968): a major portion of the archive of one of the most active
figures of the French art and literary world. Correspondence, manuscripts, notes,
diaries, artwork, legal, financial and personal documents, photographs, printed material,
and photocopies document her life. A large portion the materials relate to Jean Hugo,
||Alfred Jarry (1873-1907): manuscripts for Léda, Le Mousse, Par
la taille, Le Moutardier du pape, and La Papesse
Jeanne; letters and documents relating to Ubu Roi,
including a correspondence with Lugné-Poe in which Jarry proposes that
Lugné-Poe produce the play.
||Georges Jean-Aubry (1882-1950): a sizable portion of the papers of the versatile critic
art, music, and literature.
||Librairie Dorbon-aîné: letters received by this firm, a Paris publisher and
bookseller, and also Editions J.O. Fourcade, another Paris publisher, illustrate the
business of selling books. This collection is dominated by received correspondence,
includes financial and legal records, manuscripts, promotional materials, and publicity
||Pierre Louÿs (1870-1925): manuscripts, correspondence, and assorted personal and
third-party papers of the French poet and novelist shed considerable light on his
professional and private life.
||Stéphane Mallarmé (1842-1898): handwritten letters to Villiers de
l'Isle-Adam, Huysmans, Coppée, Charles Morice, Edmund Gosse, John Payne, York Powell,
Edouard Dujardin, Félix Fénéon, Courteline, Henri Cazalis, and Henry
Roujon, among others, plus draft of a letter to Rimbaud's mother Marie Catharine
||André Malraux (1901-1976): complete set of galley proofs for La Condition humaine, heavily corrected by Malraux and with handwritten additions
in his hand; complete handwritten manuscript of L'Espoir.
||Marcel Proust (1871-1922): handwritten manuscript and proof fragments of À l'ombre des jeunes filles en fleurs, plus another proof fragment,
heavily revised; letters, in particular an interesting collection of seventy-eight
from Proust to his housekeeper Céleste Albaret.
||Arthur Rimbaud (1854-1891): collection of numerous documents relating to Rimbaud's
poetry, including manuscripts, letters, drawings, corrected proofs and similar materials
Rimbaud's sister, Isabelle; his brother-in-law, Paterne Berrichon, poet and artist;
teacher Georges Izambard, and other poets such as Paul Verlaine, Stéphane
Mallarmé, and Paul Claudel.
||Henri-Pierre Roché (1879-1959): complete archive of the author of the novels Jules et Jim and Deux Anglaises et le
continent, both of which were made into films by François Truffaut, including
manuscripts of all of Roché's works, handwritten diaries and notebooks kept by
Roché over his lifetime, as well as transcriptions for most typed by Truffaut's
secretaries, documents relating to Roché's interests in the art world, and voluminous
correspondences with such contemporaries as Guillaume Apollinaire, Georges Auric,
Brancusi, Georges Braque, Jean Cocteau, Marcel Duchamp, Marie Laurencin, Pablo Picasso,
Quinn, Albert Roussel, Gertrude Stein, Erik Satie, and Wols.
||Maurice Saillet (1914-1990) Collection: an important group of materials documenting
Beach's personal life, her Paris bookshop Shakespeare and Company, and her activities
first publisher of James Joyce's Ulysses.
||Saint-John Perse (Alexis Saint-Léger Léger, 1887-1975): corrected page proofs
of Éloges, the book that established Saint-John Perse as a
major poet; typescript, with handwritten emendations, of his Nobel Prize acceptance
||Jean-Paul Sarte (1905-1980): manuscripts for over a dozen of his works, most of them
political in nature, including Joseph Lebon (synopsis for a
play based on the French Revolution), Liberté -
Egalité (philosophical and historical study of the French Revolution);
Questions de méthode, and L'Enfant et les groupes.
||Gertrude Stein (1874-1946): her manuscripts, correspondence, financial and legal documents,
address books, and personal papers were collected by Alice B. Toklas after Stein's
1946. Included are manuscripts or proofs of three works by Stein, Composition as Explanation, "From Dark to Day,"
and Before the Flowers of Friendship Faded Friendship Faded.
The bulk of the collection comprises Toklas's incoming correspondence from approximately
||Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1864-1901): papers from the family archive, consisting
400 handwritten letters by the artist, his mother, his grandmother, and other members
immediate family, depicting the daily environment of a large and eccentric household
constantly on the move from one family château to another, as well as the artistic
development of the young Lautrec.
||Paul Valéry (1871-1945): manuscripts for numerous poems and prose pieces, including
a handwritten and typed manuscript for a discourse on history; a large number of letters
correspondences, notably a group of personal letters to John Middleton Murry in which
Valéry discusses his feelings about poetry in general, about his own work, and about
other writers--among them Baudelaire, Poe, and Gide--who interested him in particular;
another significant group of letters to Georges Jean-Aubry
||In addition to this finding aid, several of the larger components of this collection
been described in additional individual finding aids: Samuel Beckett (3 boxes), Jean
(11 boxes), Françoise Gilot (9 boxes), Georges Hugnet (18.5 boxes), Valentine Hugo
boxes), Librairie Dorbon-aîné (13 boxes), Pierre Louÿs (9 boxes), Music
(264 items), Henri-Pierre Roché (47 boxes), Maurice Saillet (4 boxes), Gertrude Stein
||Supplementing the folder list contained in this finding aid are several indices, listing
the authors and titles of works, authors and recipients of correspondence, photographic
subjects, and artwork present in the collection. Figures represented only by legal
financial documents, or other materials that are not works or correspondence have
included in the indices. Inscriptions are not indexed. Visiting cards bearing handwritten
notes to a named person were indexed as correspondence; the remaining cards were not
indexed, but may be found as a group filed under Lake, Carlton, French visiting cards.
||Five early Lake Collection manuscripts dating from 1377-1698 are housed with the Pre-1700
Manuscript Collection (numbers HRC 121-125). Other segments of the Carlton Lake Collection
at the Ransom Center are available in the Library, the Art Collection, the Photography
Collection, the Personal Effects Collection, the Sound Recordings Collection, and
Vertical File Collection. Also held at the Ransom Center are separate collections
by Samuel Beckett and Gertrude Stein. Related works and letters by authors found in
Collection may also be found in the Artine Artinian Collection, which also contains
variety of French literary materials