||Correspondence, research materials, typescript drafts, published materials, lectures
and speeches, broadcast scripts, and personal items document Hartley Grattan's
career from his days as a free-lance writer through his tenure as Professor of
History and Curator of the Grattan Collection of Southwest Pacificana at the
University of Texas at Austin, circa 1920-1978. The material is arranged in seven
series: I. Correspondence, 1923-1980 (19 boxes); II. Works, 1924-1978; III. Response
to Works, 1929-1968; IV. Research Materials; V. Academic and Curatorial Activities,
The University of Texas at Austin, 1965-1974; VI. Personal Papers, circa 1920-1977;
and VI. Book Withdrawals.
||Although the records were acquired in a largely disorganized state and overall
arrangement has been imposed, where possible the original order within each
subseries has been left intact. Because most folders were untitled, folder titles
have been created. Where an original title existed, it has been written in quotation
marks. Where it was possible to identify research materials pertaining to a specific
work, these remain with related records in the Works series. However, most research
materials, especially those relating to Australia, New Zealand, and the southwest
Pacific, have been included in the Research Materials series. Most research
materials used in the writing of magazine or newspaper articles may also be found
under Research, although some are included with the typescript of the article
Works series. Correspondence which was originally maintained separately comprises
the Correspondence series, but a considerable amount of correspondence is scattered
throughout the Works and Research Materials series, especially if it relates to
particular publication or topic. Miscellaneous articles, notes, reviews, and other
material may be found at the end of the Correspondence series. Response to Works
contains published reviews and commentaries, while personal reactions to Grattan's
works are found in the Correspondence series.
||The records span six decades from the mid-1920s to the mid-1970s, however the bulk
material covers the period from around 1930 to the mid-1960s when Grattan worked
a free-lance writer. Because the collection contains a large amount of research
materials and correspondence, it has great informational value beyond its
significance as a record of Grattan's literary and academic careers. The
Correspondence, Works, and Research Materials series provide the greatest potential
for research on a variety of subjects, particularly Australia, New Zealand, and
islands of the southwest Pacific, and Antarctica. Also of interest is material
Dr. Herbert Vere Evatt, a judge on the High Court of Australia, who later became
first president of the United Nations General Assembly. Other subjects covered
include the British Commonwealth, World War II and its aftermath, adult education,
and literary figures. The Correspondence series contains letters from a wide range
of correspondents, mainly Australian and American. Significant Australian
correspondents include Miles Franklin, Nettie Palmer, Alice Henry, Katherine
Susannah Pritchard, H. V. Evatt, Brian Fitzpatrick, John J. Crawford, and Lloyd
Ross. There are quantities of letters from American correspondents Harry Elmer
Barnes, Allan Nevins, and George H. Nadel.
||Drafts of some of Grattan's early books, Why We Fought,
Bitter Bierce, The Three
Jameses, and The Deadly Parallel, are not
present in the collection, although research materials and correspondence relating
to some of these works may be found in the Works series. Drafts of Introducing Australia, Grattan's first major publication
on Australia, are also not present. The collection contains only a small amount
material relating to Grattan's academic and curatorial activities at the University
of Texas at Austin between 1954 and 1974. Copies of course outlines, reading lists,
and lecture notes are not present. Passports, a marriage certificate, diplomas,
other personal items are included in the Personal Materials series.
||In addition to the seven main series of materials are small amounts of material
listed as Works by Others, Unfiled, Unprocessed, Duplicates, Vertical Files, and
Index Card Boxes.
||Series I. Correspondence, 1923-1980 Grattan correspondence is arranged in four
subseries: A. Outgoing, 1923-1971; B. Incoming, 1924-1980; C. Circular Letter,
1940-1941; and D. Miscellaneous, 1958-1969, undated. Correspondents include authors,
historians, political figures, book dealers, periodicals, publishers, government
agencies, educators and universities. Notable among them are Grattan’s mentor,
Elmer Barnes, and H. L. Mencken. Also present is family correspondence and some
third-party correspondence. Where possible, enclosures such as reports or clippings
are included. However, many were separated prior to cataloging and manuscript
materials were moved to the Works series.
||Correspondence in the Outgoing subseries reflects variety of topics, such as
employment, publications, the sale of his collections, and travels to Australia
meeting Australians. Included is extensive correspondence with his then future
Marjorie Campbell, circa 1923-1936, as well as 1939-1968, after their marriage.
present are letters dating from his third Australian trip in 1940. These include
carbons and drafts of letters which are included in the index of correspondents
the end of the finding aid.
||Incoming correspondence comprises the bulk of the series and is in alphabetical order
by folder heading--usually the name of the correspondent.
||Of note is the third subseries containing responses to two circular letters Grattan
wrote in 1940 and 1941 regarding Australia and New Zealand.
||An index of correspondents is located at the end of the finding aid.
||Series II. Works, 1924-1978 This series spans six decades, from one of Grattan's
earliest articles published in 1924 to his contribution to a work on Australia
the Pacific published in 1978. It includes eight subseries: Books, Articles, Book
Reviews, Lectures and Speeches, Broadcast Talks, Miscellaneous Published,
Unpublished or Proposed Works, and Unidentifed Works.
||The Books subseries contains the most material and is arranged to reflect Grattan's
activities as author, contributor to, or editor of the represented works. Under
"Author" heading are some research materials and
correspondence relating to three of Grattan's early books, Bitter Bierce (1929), The Three Jameses
(1932), and The Deadly Parallel (1939). Following the
research materials and drafts of In Quest of Knowledge
(1955) are records relating to some of Grattan's other published works and projects
in association with The Fund for Adult Education between 1956 and 1959, in
particular Ageing in the Modern World, Project in Education for Leadership, and Continuing Education for Adults in the State of New York.
The bulk of the material in this subseries consists of drafts for the major
two-volume history, The Southwest Pacific to 1900 and
The Southwest Pacific Since 1900. The draft
chapters were originally numbered in sequence from Chapter 1 to Chapter 38, but
the work was split into two volumes Chapters 25 to 38 were renumbered as Chapters
to 15 in the second volume. Chapter numbers appear as Roman numerals on some of
renumbered drafts and in the published book. There are multiple versions of some
chapters but only single versions of others. In addition to the drafts of each
chapter, a complete typescript version of both volumes is also present, as are
||Under the "Contributor" heading are essays which
Grattan contributed to a variety of books, including encyclopedias. Of note here
essays on Harry Elmer Barnes for a testimonial volume which was published in 1968,
and an essay on the southwest Pacific since the end of World War I. This latter
piece was included in a collection of essays, and was originally conceived at
time of Grattan's retirement in 1974 but was not published until 1978. Also present
is a biographical sketch of Tom Collins, which appeared in Such Is Life by Tom Collins (Joseph Furphy) when it was published by the
University of Chicago Press in 1948. Production files for Australia (1947), which
was edited by Grattan as part of a United Nations series, may be found under the
"Editor" heading. The files contain draft
contents, emended outlines specifying chapters and contributors, general editorial
guidelines, reports of writing progress, detailed editorial briefs for each chapter,
and biographies of contributors. Grattan was also the general editor for a series
reprints of works in Pacific history published by Praeger. In addition to his
editorial duties, he wrote an introduction to each selected work and drafts of
introductions are included.
||The Articles subseries contains typescripts of published and unpublished articles.
Correspondence and research materials are included with the typescripts of "The Cost of World War II,""James T. Farrell: Moralist," and "The Curious Story of John Brown Williams of Salem,
Massachusetts." Some of the typescript articles in this subseries appear
in published form as well, but the majority do not. Copies of many of Grattan's
articles published in magazines and newspapers from 1924 to the early 1960s are
present and cover a wide range of topics. "Libraries: A
Necessity for Democracy" (1938), written by Grattan for the New South
Wales Free Library Movement is included with the published articles. An index
Grattan’s published articles is located at the end of the finding aid.
||Typescripts of published book reviews include Grattan's reviews of Patrick White's
Voss, The Joyful Condemned by Kylie Tennant, and
The Story of Australia by A. G. L. Shaw. Also
included in the Book Reviews subseries are copies of many of his published reviews
from 1924 to 1964, with two scrapbooks covering the years 1924 to 1935. Many of
early reviews are of American literature, however Grattan reviewed widely in many
fields over this period.
||Under Lectures and Speeches are a number of untitled typescripts which have been
listed by their subject matter. Of interest are lectures Grattan gave in Australia
between 1937 and 1938, particularly a lecture given at the Hawkesbury Agricultural
College in July 1937 entitled "Is the Farmer
Doomed?" which created a furor amongst the agricultural community. "Salute to the Professors," given to the American
Historical Association in 1939, is also included, as is information on Grattan's
1960 lecture series in Australia.
||Broadcast Talks contains typescripts of talks broadcast over Sydney radio stations
during Grattan's second visit from 1936-38. There is also a copy of a talk on
broadcast on Fiji radio in 1960 while Grattan was en route to Australia.
||Unpublished Works contains material relating to two books which Grattan proposed to
write and have published. Although neither work was completed or ever published,
records included here show the early phases of planning and writing. Australia, An Anthology was a project which Grattan
pursued over a number of years. The book was to be an anthology of Australian
writings on literature, political, economics, history, and law. Correspondence
(1942) included in this subseries documents Grattan soliciting suggestions on
should be included in the anthology. Escape from Botany
Bay was proposed as a retelling of the famous escape of the Bryants and
their party from Botany Bay, the site of the main convict settlement in Australia,
in 1791. Outlines of the proposed book are included.
||There are no published bibliographies of Grattan’s works, but two helpful resources
are Jack Healy's manuscript of a Grattan bibliography, covering the years 1922
1966, and Grattan's annual reports of his publications as a faculty member at
covering the years 1965 to 1971.
||Series III. Response to Works, 1929-1968 (bulk 1929-32, 1955-67) Critical response
a number of Grattan's books and one major article is documented through reviews
commentaries published between 1929 and 1967. A scrapbook covering the years 1929
1932 contains published reviews of his early works. Included are reviews of The Peerless Leader, Why We
Fought, The Critique of Humanism, and The Three Jameses published in the American press. In
addition there are Australian reviews of Australian literature, and a review of
A Bookman's Day Book by Nettie Palmer.
||American reviews of Grattan's In Quest of Knowledge and
Australian reviews of The United States and the
Southwest Pacific are also present. The bulk of material in this series
consists of numerous reviews of The Southwest Pacific to
1900 and The Southwest Pacific Since 1900
published in the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Britain, Canada, and other
countries between 1963 and 1968.
||Reviews of Grattan's article "What the War Cost",
which was published in Harper's magazine in April 1949,
are included, as are miscellaneous reviews from 1932 to 1951.
||Responses to articles by Grattan by various readers are also located in the Series
Correspondence files for specific publications.
||Series IV. Research Materials, 1941-1975, undated Grattan’s research materials focus
largely on Australia and other south pacific locations, but include materials
related to countries around the world. The materials date from the early 1940s
mid-1970s, with the bulk focused on the period from the 1920s through the 1940s,
World War II specifically. Included are notes and notebooks, clippings,
bibliographies and book dealers’ catalogs.
||Series V. Academic and Curatorial Activities, 1965-1974 Class rosters, student grade
lists, typescript papers submitted by students, correspondence and administrative
records, and material relating to the Grattan Collection of Southwest Pacificana
represent Grattan's activities at the University of Texas at Austin between 1965
1974. The series includes two subseries: Academic Activities and Curatorial
Activities. The bulk of the material is included under the first subseries. Grattan
taught a number of courses on history and American literature during this period.
Administrative and student records relating to such courses as "The British Empire since 1783,""Americans and War,""The Southwest Pacific,""The James Family," and "The Adams Family" are present.
||Curatorial Activities materials include book orders, notes on magazine files and
correspondence to university officials regarding the development and funding of
Collection. There is also material on the three lecture series given by Sir Robert
Menzies, former Prime Minister of Australia, who retired in 1966, when he visited
the University of Texas at Austin between November 18 and 25, 1969. Grattan was
called upon to introduce Menzies at the lectures.
||Series VI. Personal Papers, circa 1920-1977 Grattan’s personal papers include
biographical and family information, personal academic records, photographs,
financial and legal documents and records of his numerous awards, honors, and
organizational memberships. The materials are in alphabetical order by folder
||Series VII. Book Withdrawals, undated This series contains manuscript materials
removed from Grattan books transferred to the Ransom Center’s library. They are
filed in the Library of Congress call number order of the books from which they