||James Louis Garvin (1868-1947), the British journalist, was editor of the Outlook (1904-1906), the Pall Mall Gazette (1912-1915), and the Observer (1908-1942). He was editor-in-chief of the fourteenth edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica (1929) and also the author of a multivolume biography of Joseph Chamberlain (1932-1934).
Garvin was the primary spokesman for the Conservative Party and the leading British
political journalist of the first half of the twentieth century.
||The bulk of Garvin's papers were purchased in 1968 (R3500) and were described in a
card catalog and arranged into four categories: Works (1895-1947), Letters (1903-1943),
Recipient (1895-1947), and Miscellaneous (1877-1942). An Additional Acquisitions series
(1910-1931) incorporates an additional correspondence acquired between 1989 and 1991
in three accessions (R11860, R12311, and G9672).
||Materials in the Works series (boxes 1-26) include Garvin's manuscripts for his Life of Joseph Chamberlain along with various articles and speeches. His copious notes and 159 notebooks cover
a wide array of topics: British foreign policy, the League of Nations, the prospect
of war with Germany, atomic power, British commercial and industrial policies, World
War II strategy, Irish Home Rule, the Genoa Economic Conference, the Boer War, and
similar subjects. Ten journals record Garvin's thoughts and activities during a trip
to the Western front in June and July 1917. An index of all works in this series is
included in this finding aid.
||Garvin's outgoing correspondence is contained in the Letters series (boxes 26-29)
and his large incoming correspondence makes up the Recipient series (boxes 29-91).
Garvin's correspondence demonstrates his constant communication with the major figures
of his day in Great Britain, Europe, and beyond. Among his correspondents are statesmen,
members of Parliament, cabinet officers, diplomats, military leaders and soldiers,
government officials, newspaper owners and employees, journalists, foreign correspondents,
and publishers, as well as members of literary and performing arts circles. Major
topics include World Wars I and II, post-war reconstruction, the Bolshevik Revolution,
the Fascist and Nazi movements, peace treaties, and the League of Nations.
||All of England's prime ministers from Herbert H. Asquith (1908) to Winston Churchill
(1940) are represented in the archive, with the most extensive files for Andrew Bonar
Law, James Ramsay MacDonald, and Winston Churchill. Other prominent figures who are
well represented include John Arbuthnot Fisher, first sea lord of the Admiralty; Austen
Chamberlain, English statesman and Nobel laureate; and Leopold C. M. S. Amery, English
publicist and statesman.
||The correspondence of Garvin, Observer owner Waldorf Astor, many Observer staff members, and other journalists, newspapers, and press organizations is also
extensive and helps document British journalism in the first half of the twentieth
||Garvin's correspondence also encompasses a varied group of literary figures, among
them J. M. Barrie, Hilaire Belloc, Bryher, Padraic Colum, Joseph Conrad, Marie Corelli,
Arthur Conan Doyle, St. John Greer Ervine, John Galsworthy, Edmund Gosse, Alfred Perceval
Graves, Radclyffe Hall, Thomas Hardy, Katharine Tynan Hinkson, A. E. Housman, Rudyard
Kipling, T. E. Lawrence, Marie Adelaide Belloc Lowndes, Rose Macaulay, Arthur Machen,
John Masefield, Alice Meynell, George Moore, Eden Phillpotts, Ezra Pound, Naomi-Royde-Smith,
Vita Sackville-West, Siegfried Sassoon, George Bernard Shaw, Osbert Sitwell, Angela
Thirkell, H. M. Tomlinson, Mary Augusta Ward, H. G. Wells, William Butler Yeats, and
||Many performing art figures are also represented in the Garvin correpondence: John
Barrymore, Edward Gordon Craig, Sir George Dance, Harley Granville-Barker, Gertrude
Kingston, Théodore Komisarjevsky, Charles Ricketts, Elizabeth Robins, Lennox Robinson,
Sybil Thorndike, and Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree.
||A number of women who were activists, feminists, reformers, and/or suffragettes, such
as Beatrice Harraden, Eglantyne Jebb, Violet Rosa Markham, Alice Meynell, Christabel
Pankhurst, Emmeline Pankhurst, Elizabeth Robins, Evelyn Sharp, Ray Strachey, Helena
Swanwick, and Rose Lamartine Yates, also corresponded with Garvin.
||In addition to the many "letters to the editor" Garvin received, a number of incoming
letters are marked "private," "confidential," or "not for publication," and may offer
glimpses of information or opinions shared, but not considered publishable at the
time. Other letters are more routine, such as invitations for social events and speaking
engagements, congratulatory messages, expressions of condolences, correspondence concerning
Garvin's memberships in various organizations and clubs, or personal letters on matters
such as the education of his children, buying books for his library, or maintaining
||A single alphabetical index of Garvin's correspondents has been compiled and is provided
in this finding aid. The index includes nearly 5,300 correspondent names followed
by citations to the box and folder locations, bringing together letters located in
three different series: Garvin's outgoing (in the Letters series), Garvin's incoming
(in the Recipient series), and a sizeable group of Garvin correspondence located in
the Additional Acquisitions series.
||The Miscellaneous series (boxes 79-91) contains chiefly works and correspondence,
created by persons other than J. L. Garvin. The series does, however, include some
of Garvin's legal, financial, and personal papers, including a marriage certificate,
birth certificates, passport application, etc. There are also writings and letters
by Waldorf Astor as well as some financial and other papers for the Observer. In connection with Garvin's interest in Joseph Chamberlain, there is a manuscript
by Chamberlain, his West Indies notebook, and some letters to W. T. Stead, 1877-1885.
||Much of the correspondence in this series was written to various staff members of
the Observer or to members of Garvin's family, particularly his first wife Christina Ellen Wilson
Garvin (1876-1918) and his daughter Viola Gerard Garvin (1898-1969), who was literary
editor at the Observer from 1926 to 1942. Other family members represented are his other children -- Roland
Gerard Garvin (1895-1916), Una Christina Garvin Ledingham (1900-1965), Katharine Garvin
(1904-1970), and Ursula Garvin Slaghek-Fabbri (1907-2007) – and Garvin's second wife,
Viola Taylor Woods Garvin (1882-1959).
||Materials compiled or gathered by Alfred M. Gollin and P. M. Handover are the result
of their work on Garvin's papers. There are also research copies of Garvin holdings
from Birmingham University, probably used by either Viola Garvin or Gollin in their
own researches. A detailed index of the contents of the Miscellaneous series is included
in this finding aid.
||Except for two folders, the Additional Acquisitions series (boxes 92-104) is made
up of a 1989 acquisition of Garvin's correspondence files that date mainly from 1915
to 1925. Both outgoing and incoming correspondence is present. Although Garvin's original
order is not known, the correspondence arrived in folders arranged by year, although
not strictly chronological or alphabetical within the year. The folders have now been
arranged alphabetically for each year–with outgoing and incoming filed together– in
order to facilitate access to individual correspondents, yet still allow users the
opportunity to focus on Garvin's correspondence within a particular year or years.
When an incoming letter and Garvin's response overlapped different years, the incoming
letter (for example, one written in December 1924) has been filed with Garvin's response
in the subsequent year (such as January 1925). The other two folders of additional
acquisitions include correspondence with Gerald Barry and Frank Hugh O'Donnell.
||Many of the correspondents represented in these later acquisitions are also present
in the earlier Letters and Recipient series. All correspondent names in these additional
acquisitions of the Garvin papers are also represented in the index of correspondents
in this finding aid.