University of Texas at Austin
New York Journal-American: An American Paper for the American People

Photographic Morgue

Introduction   /   History   /   Database   /   Gallery   /   Research

ALERT: Portions of the New York Journal-American archive are temporarily closed for rehousing. Currently open are: Biographical Series, files A through E; Subject Series, files A through R; and all of the Geographical and Geographical--Greater New York Series.

The following paragraphs will assist you in determining the appropriate areas of research concerning the New York Journal-American.

For an overview of the collection, please refer to the finding aid.

To research the prints in the photographic morgue, please refer to the Journal-American database. Because the collection is located off-site, you must make an appointment at least 24 hours in advance to view prints from the photographic morgue in the Reading and Viewing Room. To make an appointment, please contact Photography Collection staff.

If you would like to request a copy of a particular print from the photographic morgue, please contact the Ransom Center's Photography Collection staff. Some images are not available for reproduction by the Ransom Center; contact the following agencies directly:

For the Associated Press, see

For Acme Newspictures, International Newsreel, International News Photos, Newspaper Enterprise Association [NEA], Pacific & Atlantic, United Press International and United Press Photos, see

The Ransom Center holds a nearly complete set of microfilm of the Journal-American and its predecessor newspapers. The Ransom Center does not, however, own any of the newspaper's operating records. For information on the history of the paper or its staff, please contact the Hearst Corporation. The microfilm is not indexed, and articles can only be located by their date of publication. If you need a photocopy from the microfilm of an article for which you know the exact date of publication, the staff of the Ransom Center's Public Services unit can assist you. Please furnish as much information as possible in an email to the Head of Reference Services. Please note that the Ransom Center cannot research multiple articles in the Journal-American microfilm. If you need more than one article copied, or if you do not know the precise date of publication, you should visit the Ransom Center in person or hire the services of a proxy researcher. The Head of Reference Services can furnish a list of individuals willing to provide this service.

No issues of the newspaper have been digitized, and there is no way for either Ransom Center staff or the public to search for articles by keyword. However, the clippings morgue of the newspaper, which is arranged alphabetically by subject, is held by the Briscoe Center for American History at the University of Texas at Austin. This is usually the best place to start if you are searching for an article but do not know the exact date when it was published.

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Researchers interested in learning more about the history of the newspaper industry in the early part of the 20th century may wish to consult the following selected bibliography.

Bentley, Cheryl. "Work of Former News Photographer on Display." The Suncoast News (September 6, 2008).

Brian, Denis. Pulitzer: A Life. New York: J. Wiley, 2001.

Brunner, Felix. A Handbook of Graphic Reproduction Processes. 4th ed. New York: Hasting House, [1972].

Campbell, W. Joseph. "Not a Hoax: New evidence in the New York Journal's rescue of Evangelina Cisneros." American Journalism (v. 19, no. 4, Fall 2002).

Carlebach, Michael L. American Photojournalism Comes of Age. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1997.

Carlebach, Michael L. The Origins of Photojournalism in America. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1992.

Edom, Clifton Cedric. Photojournalism: Principles and Practices. Dubuque, IA: W.C. Brown, 1976.

Fischler, Stan. "Mr. Hearst's Flagship Sank Like the Maine." The Village Voice (v. XI, no. 28, April 28, 1966).

Galassi, Peter, and Susan Kismaric, eds. Pictures of the Times: A Century of Photography from The New York Times. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1996.

Hannigan, William, and Ken Johnston. Picture Machine: The Rise of American Newspictures. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2004.

Hearst, William Randolph. William Randolph Hearst: A Portrait in His Own Words. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1952.

Hearst, William Randolph, Jr. The Hearsts: Father and Son. Niwot, CO: Roberts Rinehart, 1991.

Hearst, William Randolph, Jr. Nine Stories. New York, 1943.

Ivins, William M., Jr. Prints and Visual Communication. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1953.

Jussim, Estelle. Visual Communication and the Graphic Arts: Photographic Technologies in the Nineteenth Century. New York: R.R. Bowker, 1974.

Kahan, Robert Sidney. The Antecedents of American Photojournalism. Thesis, University of Wisconsin. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms, 1969.

Kluger, Richard. The Paper: The Life and Death of the New York Herald Tribune. New York; Alfred A. Knopf, 1986.

Lambert, Bruce. "Mel Finkelstein, 60; Took Photographs for Several Papers." The New York Times (October 25, 1992).

Littlefield, Roy Everett. William Randolph Hearst: His Role in American Progressivism. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1980.

Loosley, A.E. The Business of Photojournalism. New York: Amphoto, 1971.

McCleery, William. "Foreword." In: Weegee. Naked City. New York: Essential Books, 1945.

"Mel Finkelstein." Susan J. Geier Photography, Studio 212 Gallery.

Mertle, Joseph Stephen, and Gordon L. Monsen. Photomechanics and Printing: Practical Information on Platemaking and Presswork by Recognized Procedures. Chicago: Mertle Publishing, 1957.

Milton, Joyce. The Yellow Kids: Foreign Correspondents in the Heyday of Yellow Journalism. New York: Harper & Row, 1989.

Mott, Frank Luther. American Journalism. 3d edition. New York: Macmillan, 1962.

Mott, Frank Luther. "The Magazine Revolution and Popular Ideas in the Nineties." Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society (v. 64, 1954): pp. [195]-214.

Mott, Frank Luther. The News in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1952.

Mugridge, Ian. The View from Xanadu: William Randolph Hearst and United States Foreign Policy. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1995.

Nasaw, David. The Chief: The Life of William Randolph Hearst. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2000.

New York Journal American. 50 Fighting Years. [New York: s.n., 1946?]

New York Journal American. Heart to Heart with New York for Sixty Fabulous Years. [New York: New York Journal American, c1957.]

O'Donnell, James F. 100 Years of Making Communications History: The Story of the Hearst Corporation. [S.I.]: Hearst Professional Magazines, 1987.

Procter, Ben. William Randolph Hearst: Final Edition, 1911-1951. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Procter, Ben. William Randolph Hearst: The Early Years, 1863-1910. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Reddick, DeWitt C., ed. The Role of the Mass Media in A Democratic Society. Austin: The University of Texas School of Journalism, 1961.

Schuneman, R. Smith, ed. Photographic Communication: Principles, Problems and Challenges of Photojournalism. New York: Hastings House, 1972.

Slate, Joseph Evans. "The 'Journal-American' Morgue." Library Chronicle (n.s. 2, November 1970): pp. 83-89.

Spector, Seymour. "Hearst Picks Its Best." Modern Photography (v. 16, no. 11, November 1952): pp. 62-69, 108 & 110.

Stapleton, Bill. "Pictures Under Pressure." Popular Photography (February 1963): pp. 44-47, 84-85.

Stevens, John D. Sensationalism and the American Press. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.

Swanberg, W.A. Citizen Hearst: A Biography of William Randolph Hearst. New York: Collier, 1961.

Szarkowski, John, ed. From the Picture Press. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1973.

Toomey, Jeanne. Assignment Homicide: Behind the Headlines. Santa Fe: Sunstone Press, 1998.

"2 Cities Hit by Second Night of Rioting." The Daily Register (v. 87, no. 34, August 13, 1964): p. 1.

Whyte, Kenneth. The Uncrowned King: The Sensational Rise of William Randolph Hearst. Berkeley, CA: Counterpoint, 2009.