University of Texas at Austin

The Greenwich Village Bookshop Door: A Portal to Bohemia, 1920-1925

Identified individuals are represented by a biographical sketch, a list of connections to other signatures, and, in most cases, an artifact from the Ransom Centers collections. Help us identify more signatures by submitting your suggested identification.


Franklin Abbott

Achmed Abdullah

Mary Aldis

George William Amis

Sherwood Anderson

Egmont Arens

Mary Austin

Eugene S. Bagger


Winslow M. Bell

William Rose Benét

Florence Blackstone

Paul J. Blackstone

David William Bone

Albert Boni

Charles Boni

Ernest Augustus Boyd

Will Bradley

Berton Braley

Max M. Breslow

Heywood Broun

Albert Brush

Arthur Caesar

Henry Seidel Canby

Jonathan Cape

Gene Carr

Oscar Edward Cesare

Christine Challenger

Betty Ross Clarke

Helen Louise Cohen

Alta May Coleman

Seward Collins

Frank Conroy

George Cram Cook

John Cournos

Bosworth Crocker

J. Vincent Crowne

Homer Croy

Mary Carolyn Davies

Helena Smith Dayton

Fred Erving Dayton

Floyd Dell

S. A. DeWitt

Roy Dickinson

Charles Divine

Alice Willits Donaldson

John Dos Passos

Theodore Dreiser

Joseph Drum

Robert L. Eaton

Laurie York Erskine

Wilfred Ewart

Henry Guy Fangel

John Chipman Farrar

Hugh Ferriss

Arthur Davison Ficke

John Bernard Flannagan

Dwight Franklin

James Earle Fraser

Joseph Lewis French

Robert Frothingham

Barney Gallant

Porter Garnett

Susan Glaspell

Montague Glass

Joseph Gollomb

Herbert S. Gorman

Stephen Graham

Dorothy L. A. Grant

Harry Wagstaff Gribble

William Gropper

Louise Closser Hale

Harry Hansen

Sadakichi Hartmann

Josephine Herbst

John Herrmann

W. E. Hill

Elisabeth Sanxay Holding

Robert Cortes Holliday

Terence Holliday

Guy Holt

Holland Hudson

Peter Lord Templeton Hunt

Frank Townsend Hutchens

Lewis Jackson

Norman Jacobsen

Rutger Bleecker Jewett

Orrick Johns

Merle De Vore Johnson

Jeanne Judson

Harry Kemp

Bernice Lesbia Kenyon

John G. Kidd

William A. (William Albion) Kittredge

Eastwood Lane

Lawrence Langner

Christian Leden

Courtenay Lemon

Sinclair Lewis

Ludwig Lewisohn

Max Liebermann

Nicholas Vachel Lindsay

Preston Lockwood

Hendrick Willem Van Loon

Lingard Loud

Pierre Loving

Orson Lowell

C. R. Macauley

Kenneth Macgowan

Lawton Mackall

Hector MacQuarrie

John Albert Macy

Jane Mander

Don Marquis

H. A. Mathes

William McFee

Alexander McKay

Hawley McLanahan

Charles M. McLean

Ada Jaffray McVickar

Scudder Middleton

George Middleton

John Mistletoe

Roy Mitchell

Christopher Morley

Robert Nathan

Dudley Nichols

Robert Nichols

Charles Norman

Joseph Jefferson O'Neil

Florence O'Neill

Ivan Opffer

Martha Ostenso

Lou Paley

Edmund Lester Pearson

Basil H. Pillard

Ethel McClellan Plummer

Alexander Popini

William MacLeod Raine

Ben Ray Redman

Charles J. Reed

Lola Ridge

Felix Riesenberg

W. Adolphe Roberts

Edwin Arlington Robinson

Edwin (Ted) Meade Robinson

Bruce Rogers

L. Stuart Rose

Herb Roth

Edward Royce

Tony Sarg

Jacob Salwyn Schapiro

Walter Schnackenberg

Thomas Seltzer

Fern Forrester Shay

Margaret Badollet Caldwell Shotwell

Emil Siebern

Upton Sinclair

John Sloan

Thorne Smith

David Tosh Smith

Robert A. Smith

Charles Somerville

Vincent Starrett

Vilhjalmur Stefansson

Donald Ogden Stewart

Gordon Stiles

Emily Strunsky

Genevieve Taggard

Gardner Teall

Sara Teasdale

Lloyd M. Thomas

Basil Thompson

Paul Thompson

Helen Thurlow

Adolph Treidler

Peter Underhill

Harvey P. Vaughn

Walter Vodges

C. A. Voight

Mary Heaton Vorse

Webb Waldron

J. Leeming Walker

Foster Ware

John V. A. Weaver

Luther E. Widen

Edward Arthur Wilson

Lily Winner

Robert L. Wolf

Cuthbert Wright


Theodore F. Zucker


Location on door: front, panel 2

Saturday Review of Literature





Magazine Editors


Three Hours for Lunch Club

Walt Whitman


Henry Seidel Canby (1878-1961) was a professor, critic, and editor who exerted a great influence on popular literary tastes during the interwar period. Canby studied and taught at Yale, where he edited the Yale Review and championed American Literature as a field worthy of study. Canby left the Yale Review in 1920 and became the first editor of the Literary Review supplement of the New York Evening Post, appointing Christopher Morley, William Rose Benét, and Amy Loveman to its editorial board. In 1924 Canby and his co-editors resigned and founded the Saturday Review of Literature. Under Canby's leadership, it became the most influential literary weekly in the United States. Beginning in 1926, Canby also chaired the editorial board of the newly-launched Book-of-the-Month Club. These positions led some writers to complain that Canby exerted too much control over American reading habits; Ezra Pound once joked that his acolyte and future New Directions publisher James Laughlin should quit poetry and do something useful like assassinate Canby. Over the course of his career, Canby published more than thirty books, including anthologies, works of criticism, and biographies of Whitman and Thoreau.

  • View slide show
  • X

    Creator: Canby, Henry Seidel, 1878-1961
    Toller, Ernst, 1893-1939

    Title: "Report of the P. E. N. Congress by Henry Seidel Canby, American Delegate and Speech Made at the Congress by Ernst Toller Representing Exiled Authors"

    Description: Mimeograph copy

    Item Date: 1933

    Material Type: Manuscript

    ADA Caption: Report of the P. E. N. Congress

    Curatorial Department: Manuscripts Collection

    Collection Name: PEN (Organization). Records

    Stack Location: Miscellaneous: Canby

    Copyright Notices: Some of the documents shown here are subject to U. S. copyright law. It is the user's sole responsibility to contact the copyright holder and secure any necessary copyright permission to publish documents, texts, and images from any holders of rights in these materials. As the owner of the physical object (not the underlying copyright), the Ransom Center requires that you also contact us if you wish to reproduce an image shown here in a print publication or electronically.

    Every effort has been made to trace copyright ownership and to obtain permission for reproduction. If you believe you are the copyright owner of an item on this site, and we have not requested your permission, please contact us.


  • View metadata

Henry Seidel Canby's "Report of the P. E. N. Congress by Henry Seidel Canby, American Delegate and Speech Made at the Congress by Ernst Toller Representing Exiled Authors," 1933

Throughout his career, Canby fought censorship, serving twice as the President of the American Center of P.E.N., an international organization founded in 1921 to promote literature and defend freedom of expression. In this document from the P.E.N. Records, Canby reports on the 1933 International P.E.N. Congress in Dubrovnik. On May 10, 1933, students under the Nazi regime undertook a mass burning of "Un-German" books. Moreover, under Hitler, all but one of the Jewish writers in Germany's P.E.N. delegation were removed. As a consequence, much of the May 1933 Congress was spent debating chauvinism versus internationalism in literature and what actions should be taken against the German delegation. As Canby's report records, one of the most charged moments of the Congress took place when the German-Jewish playwright, Ernst Toller, spoke out on behalf of the exiled German writers.